Islamic State, Western Intervention

Iraq: US Tactics Spawn Daesh, Crush Non-Sectarian Sunnis

The Anti-System:
Strength and Weakness of the Islamic State
By Alexander Kuznetsov for Strategic Culture Foundation

Strategic Culture Foundation
March 8, 2016
Posted at Quemado Institute
March 8, 2016

Sinjar Mountains (--panoramio.com)

Sinjar Mountains, Iraq (–panoramio.com)

On Feb. 28 armed groups from the Daesh terrorist organization made a swift raid on Abu Ghraib near Baghdad and for a day held their positions in the city.

Abu Ghraib is actually a suburb of the Iraqi capital, located twenty kilometers from the center of Baghdad. Back during the American occupation it gained notoriety for its military prison, where those who took part in the patriotic resistance movement were sent.

The sudden capture of Abu Ghraib by terrorists took place at a time when the insurgents were losing their positions. Last March Iraqi forces seized Tikrit (Saddam’s hometown) from Daesh militants. In late December, the Iraqi army joined the Shiite al-Hashd al-Shaabi militias to finally liberate the strategically important center of Ramadi in Anbar province. Kurdish Peshmerga fighters managed to wrest away the Sinjar Mountains from the terrorists.

Why is the specter of Daesh now reemerging? The answer can be found in Iraq’s recent history.

The Americans who occupied Iraq in 2003 not only overthrew Saddam Hussein’s regime, but also dismantled all government institutions and decimated the army and civil services. One hundred eighty thousand former members of the Baath Party, most of whom were Sunnis, lost their jobs. Those included not only officers from the army and security services, but also doctors and teachers.

Iraq’s Sunni community, relegated to second-class citizenship after the US intervention, took up arms. For a while the bloody feud between the Shiites and Sunnis was working to the Americans’ advantage. In keeping with the ancient maxim of «divide and conquer», the occupiers preferred that the Shiites and Sunnis fight each other rather than fight back. This produced a powerful surge of Islamic radicalism in Iraq.

By overthrowing Saddam Hussein, the Americans created a vacuum of power and influence. The religious leaders in Najaf and Karbala filled that vacuum within the Shiite community. After the ban on the Baath party, the influence of the radical Wahhabi and Salafi clerics increased among the Sunnis. Jihadists from other countries flocked to the battlefield like vultures. Al-Qaeda in Mesopotamia, led by the notorious Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, unleashed a far-reaching reign of terror.

As a result, by the fall of 2006 the situation had become intolerable even for the Americans. The Sahwa («Awakening») militias, drawing mainly from Sunni tribes in Anbar province and led by Sheikh Abdul Sattar Abu Risha, were formed, with 90,000 members. Within three years al-Qaeda was defeated, but the government of Nouri al-Maliki never thought to thank its saviors, instead launching new waves of brutal repression against the Sunnis. Sahwa units were disbanded and stripped of their pay. The most basic public utilities were cut off in Iraq’s Sunni regions – even electricity was supplied only for five hours a day. Sweeps were regularly conducted in Sunni cities, and innocent people thrown into prison on false charges of «terrorism». In 2014, 12,000 inmates in Iraqi prisons were awaiting execution, accused of «terrorism». Most of the charges had been fabricated.

Having done away with all armed combatants, the Maliki government then began to eliminate moderate Sunni politicians who were already well-established throughout the government. In late 2011, the Iraqi security services wanted to put the country’s Vice President, Tariq al-Hashimi, behind bars on «terrorism» charges, prompting him to flee to Turkey. Shortly afterward, a similar fate threatened Finance Minister Rafi al-Issawi, who was unwilling to be part of the government corruption, and under threat of arrest ended up leaving the country for Jordan.

In fact, once the Americans arrived, Iraqi Sunnis found themselves even more powerless than the Palestinians in the Israeli-occupied territories.

As a result, reanimated resistance movements sprang up in the Sunni regions of Iraq. The underground Baath Party, led by Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri, played a insignificant role in this, and planned after seizing Mosul to announce the restoration of the Republic of Iraq on a broad, nonsectarian basis, as it had been under Saddam. But that didn’t happen. The jihadists seized control over the uprising, with assistance from Turkey and some Gulf monarchies. Many of the Baathists were wiped out, and others were recruited by the terrorists.

Wherein lies the strength of the Islamic State?

First of all, in the synthesis of regular and irregular fighting techniques. The former includes shrewd military tactics and discipline: many of Saddam Hussein’s former army officers can be found among the Daesh commanders. Their irregular techniques involve the use of terror (the utilization of suicide bombers, public intimidation in the occupied areas, and mass executions). Next, it enjoys the support or loyalty of many of the Sunni tribes that are drawn to IS in the hope of escaping discrimination and repression by the government in Baghdad.

And what is Daesh’s weakness?

Its weakness lies in the fact that the notorious Islamic State is in no way a state, and it can never become a state. IS is a classic anti-system (to use Lev Gumilyov’s terminology). IS eschews the act of creation and offers no kind of positive program. Any anti-system is destined to act as a parasite, making predatory use of natural resources and conducting rapacious raids upon its neighbors.

After the successful air strikes by the Russian Aerospace Defense Forces in Syria, which cut off the oil smugglers’ route into Turkey, the economic picture in the territories occupied by the jihadists is becoming increasingly calamitous. Mosul is in want of basic food supplies and medicines. Prices have soared. According to refugees who are in flight from the areas seized by the jihadists, an average Iraqi family in that city could live on $500 per month at the end of 2015, but now they cannot get by even on $1,000. Regions with a shattered economy and mass unemployment are on the brink of starvation. The terrorists, who initially sought to win favor from the local population by restoring utilities, have now abandoned that tactic. Power outages have reappeared, and terror is used to stifle any signs of discontent. Thus there is no reason for Iraqi Sunnis to fight for the Islamic State.

However, they are also wary of any attempts to draw them into the anti-terrorist movement. As mentioned above, the Shiite al-Hashd al-Shaabi militia represents the razor’s edge of the struggle against IS in Iraq. Most Sunnis do not like al-Hashd al-Shaabi and do not trust its fighters.

Objectively, Iraq is faced with the task of encouraging the Sunni rebels to join the battle against the terrorists, but in order to do that the population of Mosul and Anbar need promises that their autonomy and rights will be respected. The regime of Nouri al-Maliki, installed by Washington, cannot offer those assurances.

In order to defeat the terrorists in Iraq, one must first deprive them of the support of the local population and pry the Sunni tribes and former Baathists away from IS, by promising them amnesty and guaranteeing that they will have a role in governing the new Iraq (whether through autonomy for the Sunnis or through their broad representation in the central government). Only by creating a state that respects the interests of all communities and religions will it be possible to slay the anti-system dragon known as the Islamic State, which was midwifed by the American occupation of Iraq.

 

Discussion

No comments yet.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

News from Novorossiya

Friday December 1, 2017 - Breaking News from DONETSK and LUGANSK Today

News from Novorossiya

APU Has Begun Preparations for Seizure of Two Villages in Mariupol Direction - Eduard Basurin - DNR News - November 30, 3017

News from Novorossiya

Ukrainian troops violate ceasefire, get stuck in new "cauldron" - Fort Russ - November 29, 2017 - The Ukrainian Armed Forces, having violated in the Minsk Agreements and seized the villages of Gladosovo and Metallist . . . Click image for more>>

News from Novorossiya

Kiev launches over 1,200 shells on DPR territory in 24 hours - JCCC - DONi News - November 26, 2017 - The Ukrainian army launched more than 1,200 shells on the front-line localities of the Donetsk People’s Republic over the past 24 hours . . . Click image for more>>

News from Novorossiya

PLOTNITSKY RESIGNS, Leonid Pacechnik Becomes Acting LPR Head - Lugansk Information Center - November 24, 2017

News from Novorossiya

LUGANSK ATTEMPTED COUP: Unexpected development of Lugansk political crisis: 3rd day report - DONi News - November 23, 2017

Quemado Institute Home Page

New Lugansk Leadership Offers Hope For Donbass Unity - Eduard Popov - Introduction - LPR Presidential Transition: The Dark Side and the Light Side - By Kennedy Applebaum - Lugansk after the Coup: Towards a Unified Donbass People's Republic? - By Eduard Popov - Fort Russ - November 26, 2017

News from Novorossiya

Is This a Coup to Overthrow Plotnitsky - Quemado Institute - November 22, 2017 - Rumors are the Igor Plotnitsky is now being replaced.

Quemado Institute Syria Page

Famous White Helmets' FB-accounts Exposed: Look Into Their Eyes Again (Photos) - By Sophie Mangal - November 25, 2017

________________________
Best Website Award 2017

Conservative Treehouse

If you like Donald Trump, deplore foreign wars, respect Vladimir Putin, and hate neocon libtards, Conservative Treehouse is the site for you.

For cheerful alternate news! :)
________________________

Quemado Institute – World

MISSION IMPOSSIBLE: Official Story of Las Vegas Shooting Unravels; Physical impossibility of lone gunman senior citizen makes narrative ludicrous - By Mike Adams - Natural News - Posted October 3, 2017

Quemado Institute – Syria

ISIS Emirs decided to get away from the horrible slaughter near Der-ez-Zorr in Istanbul? - Written by Sophie Mangal for Quemado Institute - September 27, 2017 - Posted October 3, 2017

Boycott Google – Use Alternate Search Engines:

DuckDuckGo
Bing
Cuyahoga Libnet
MyWay.com

Support internet freedom.

Quemado institute Syria Page

Russian special forces repel US-planned attack in Syria, denounce USA and issue a stark warning By The Saker - September 21, 2017

Quemado Institute – World

US Gov’t Pesticide Spraying In Wake Of Harvey - A Toxic Boon To Agrochemical Giants - By Whitney Webb - Mint Press News - Posted September 14, 2017

Quemado institute Syria Page

US Orders South Syria Rebels to Retreat Into Jordan - CIA Requests' Rebel Groups Stop Fighting - By Jason Ditz - AntiWar.com - September 10, 2017

Quemado Institute Opinion Page

GeoEngineeringWatch.org VIDEO - CIA Agent Whistleblower Risks All To Expose the Shadow Government - Posted September 7, 2017

Quemado Institute Editorial

Cataclysm of Planetary Decline: Are Insects Facing Extinction? Apocalyptic Forewarning - By Karl Pomeroy - Quemado Institute - August 30, 2017

Quemado Institute Editorial

Afghanistan Escalation: Full Analysis by Quemado Institute - Donald Trump and the War of the Imperial West - By Karl Pomeroy - August 26, 2017

Quemado Institute Report

Google Censorship Under Scrutiny – By Claire Connelly - With introduction by Quemado Institute - August 19, 2017 - Revised September 4, 2017

Quemado Institute Opinion Page

VIDEO – Are Closed Walmarts Being Converted To FEMA Internment Camps? - These journalists raise troublesome questions we can’t answer - Posted. September 6, 2017

Novorossiya Daily Sun -Official Website Link-

Official Link To Quemado Institute's Dedicated Donbass News Site

Quemado Journal of Gravitational Physics Official Website Link

Investigations in nonstandard theories of gravity and cosmology.

Follow Quemado Institute on WordPress.com

Archives

Categories

Recent Posts

Censorship Looms Over European Union

Quemado Institute editor Karl Pomeroy received a legal threat today in response to a comment he posted on the Russia Insider website about the rise of the R********d banking family. The comment did not mention race, but was of historical content. The threatener accused Karl of “spreading Nazi propaganda,” then repeated the full text of the German Criminal Code Section 130, which outlaws inciting “hatred against a national, racial, religious group or a group defined by their ethnic origins,” which Karl’s comment did not do. A similar law, it was claimed, is now in force in 11 other European countries and carries a penalty of up to five years. The wording of the law is so vague, it could be applied to any criticism of those in power. If a political analyst can accidentally “violate” this totalitarian decree, there is no freedom of speech or press in Europe.

%d bloggers like this: